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Formation of Community College Clusters Using the CCSSE Benchmarks for Extra-Large Community Colleges

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This study used the five benchmarks from the Community College Survey of Student Engagement (CCSSE) to form clusters of colleges within the CCSSE classification of extra-large community colleges (> 15,000 students). Cluster analysis produced a five-cluster solution for the 48 identified extra-large community colleges. Using canonical correlation analysis, three canonical variates (dimensions) were identified. The first variate described a student engagement learning environment model of student success, persistence and goal attainment. The second dimension suggested a more traditional learning environment — one characterized by greater student faculty interaction and more academic challenge. A third variate was indicative of a learning environment with more support for learners and less student effort. Discriminant function analysis yielded high hit rates for cluster membership.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2009

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  • Since 1993, the Journal of Applied Research in the Community College (JARCC) has served the institutional research and planning professionals in community colleges. JARCC is a semi-annual peer-reviewed journal that features articles relating to the integration of research and theory to practice in community colleges. The journal provides an intellectual space to communicate innovative practices in applied research that supports educational and administrative decision-making at the institutional, state, and national levels. JARCC is published by the San Diego State University's EdD program in Community College Leadership and Community College Leadership Alumni Chapter
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