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Das Haager Übereinkommen vom 30. 6. 2005 über Gerichtsstandsvereinbarungen

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The Hague Convention of 30 June 2005 on Choice of Court Agreements

In 1992 the United States of America proposed that the Hague Conference for Private International Law should devise a worldwide Convention on Enforcement of Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters. The member states of the European Community saw in the US proposal an opportunity to harmonize the bases of jurisdiction and also had in mind the far-reaching bases of jurisdiction in some countries outside of Europe as well as the dual approach of the Brussels Convention which combines recognition and enforcement of judgments with harmonization of bases of jurisdiction (double convention). Despite great efforts, the Hague Conference did not succeed in devising a convention that laid down common rules of jurisdiction in civil and commercial matters. After long negotiations the Conference was only able to agree on the lowest common denominator and accordingly concluded the Convention of 30 June 2005 on Choice of Court Agreements (Choice of Court Convention). This Convention aims to do for choice of court agreements what the New York Convention of 10 June 1958 on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards has done for arbitration agreements.

The article provides an overview of the negotiations and explains in detail the content of the Choice of Court Convention. In principle the Convention applies only to exclusive choice of court agreements. However an opt-in provision allows contracting states to extend the rules on recognition and enforcement to non-exclusive choice of court agreements as well. The Convention is based on three principles. According to the first principle the chosen court in a contracting state must hear the case when proceedings are brought before it and may not stay or dismiss the case on the basis of forum non conveniens. Secondly, any court in another contracting state before which proceedings are brought must refuse to hear the case. Thirdly, a judgment given by the chosen court must be recognized and enforced in principle in all contracting states. The European instruments like the Brussels I Regulation and the Lugano Convention will continue to apply in appropriate cases albeit with a somewhat reduced scope.

The article further elaborates on the advantages and disadvantages of the Choice of Court Convention and comes to the conclusion that the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The European Community has exclusive competence to sign and ratify the Convention. The author welcomes the proposal by the European Commission that the EC should sign the Convention. Last but not least the article raises the question what has to be done in Germany to implement the Convention if the EC decides to ratify the Convention.
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Language: German

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2009

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  • Die Zeitschrift wurde 1927 von Ernst Rabel als das deutsche Zentralorgan und Forum für die Grundlagenforschung auf den Gebieten des Privat-, Wirtschafts- und Verfahrensrechts in ihren internationalen Aspekten gegründet. Fachgebiete für alle diese Materien sind also die Rechtsvergleichung und das Auslandsrecht, das Internationale Privat-, Wirtschafts- und Verfahrensrecht sowie die Rechtsvereinheitlichung einschließlich des Europarechts.

    Die Zeitschrift versteht sich als Forum internationaler wissenschaftlicher Auseinandersetzung und geistigen Austausches mit der ausländischen Forschung. Sie publiziert grundlegende Aufsätze (in Deutsch, Englisch, Französisch) aus allen Arbeitsgebieten des Instituts, unter Einbeziehung des Wirtschafts- und Europarechts. Besonders beachtet werden die Übereinkommen, Richtlinien und Verordnungen der Europäischen Gemeinschaften sowie die Übereinkommen der Haager Konferenz für IPR. Neue Gesetzestexte, Abkommen und rechtsvergleichende Entwürfe werden als Materialien abgedruckt und kritisch gewürdigt. Für die Besprechung der in- und ausländischen Literatur gibt es einen umfangreichen Rezensionsteil.

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