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Health‐related quality of life in elderly, newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients treated with VMP vs. MP: results from the VISTA trial

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Abstract
Objectives

The phase 3 VISTA study ( NCT00111319) in transplant‐ineligible myeloma patients demonstrated superior efficacy with bortezomib‐melphalan‐prednisone (VMP; nine 6‐wk cycles) vs. melphalan‐prednisone (MP) but also increased toxicity. Health‐related quality of life (HRQoL; exploratory endpoint) was evaluated using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ‐C30).

The phase 3 VISTA study ( NCT00111319) in transplant‐ineligible myeloma patients demonstrated superior efficacy with bortezomib‐melphalan‐prednisone (VMP; nine 6‐wk cycles) vs. melphalan‐prednisone (MP) but also increased toxicity. Health‐related quality of life (HRQoL; exploratory endpoint) was evaluated using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ‐C30).
Methods

EORTC QLQ‐C30 was administered at screening, on day 1 of each cycle, at the end‐of‐treatment visit, and every 8 wk until progression. EORTC QLQ‐C30 scores were evaluated among patients with a valid baseline and at least one post‐baseline HRQoL assessment.
Results

At baseline, domain scores were similar between arms. By cycle 4, mean differences were clinically meaningful for most domains, indicating poorer health status with VMP. From cycle 5 onwards, improvements relative to baseline/MP were observed for all domains with VMP. Mean scores were generally improved by the end‐of‐treatment assessment vs. baseline in both arms. Among responding patients, mean scores generally improved from time of response to end‐of‐treatment assessment, substantially driven by patients achieving complete response (CR). Multivariate analysis showed a significant impact of duration of response/CR on improving global health status, pain, and appetite loss scores. Analyses by bortezomib dose intensity indicated better HRQoL in patients receiving lower dose intensity.
Conclusions

These findings demonstrate clinically meaningful, transitory HRQoL decrements with VMP and relatively lower HRQoL vs. MP during early treatment cycles, associated with the expected additional toxicities. However, HRQoL is not compromised in the long term, recovering by the end‐of‐treatment visit to be comparable vs. MP.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2012

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