Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

The impact of two different doses of chelating therapy (deferasirox) on echocardiographic tissue Doppler indices in patients with thalassemia major

Buy Article:

$59.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract

Background:  Chelating therapy in transfusion‐dependent patients with β‐thalassemia major (β‐TM) is mandatory to reduce the toxic effect of iron on the myocardium.

Aim:  To evaluate the impact of low and high dose of oral chelating therapy (deferasirox) on pulsed and tissue echocardiographic indices in patients with β‐TM.

Methods:  This interventional study conducted on patients with transfusion‐dependent β‐TM (n = 38) on deferasirox 20 mg/kg/d medication, group (DFX‐20) for at least 6 months, followed by administration of a higher dose of deferasirox, 40 mg/kg/d, group (DFX‐40) for another 6 months. Pulsed and tissue Doppler echocardiography carried out at the beginning and at the end of treatment interval (6 months) for both groups, with monthly blood analysis of serum ferritin, alanine transaminase, hemoglobin, and creatinine. An age‐matched control group of 38 patients was evaluated for echo Doppler blood analysis.

Results:  Patients of group DXF‐40 compared with group DFX‐20, the tissue Doppler echocardiogram showed lower E/Em ratio (16.01 ± 2.85 vs. 19.68 ± 2.81, P < 0.05), higher systolic wave velocity (Sm) (5.87 ± 1.40 vs. 4.80 ± 1.20, P < 0.05), and higher early diastolic wave (Em) velocity (4.25 ± 1.70 vs. 3.50 ± 1.80, P < 0.05), respectively. Patients in group DFX‐20, compared with control group, had M‐Mode echo with thicker left ventricle (LV) septal wall (P < 0.001) and posterior wall (P < 0.01), higher left ventricle end diastolic diameter index (P < 0.05). The pulsed Doppler echocardiogram showed a higher LV transmitral E wave velocity (P < 0.05), higher E/A ratio (P < 0.01), and the duration of deceleration time was significantly shorter (P < 0.01). There were no significant changes observed in the left ventricle ejection fraction percentage (LVEF%) or fractional shortening between both treatment groups. Serum ferritin was significantly lower in DFX‐40 group compared with DFX‐20 β‐TM group (338). There was a significant positive correlation between the serum ferritin and the E/Em ratio (r = 0.31, P < 0.001). The tricuspid valve velocity was significantly higher in β‐TM patients compared with the control group (P < 0.05).

Conclusion:  The increment of oral deferasirox as chelating therapy in β‐TM patients to 40 mg/kg/d over 6 months duration showed a significant increments of systolic and diastolic tissue Doppler velocities with a significant reduction of E/Em ratio in comparison with 20 mg/kg/d. There were no changes of LVEF. A longer duration of follow‐up may be justified in such group of patients.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Cardiac Unit, Salmaniya Medical Complex, Ministry of Health, Manama, Bahrain 2: Royal Colleges of Surgeons in Ireland, Medical University of Bahrain, Manama, Bahrain 3: Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain

Publication date: September 1, 2011

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more