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Growth factor receptor profile of CD34+ cells in normal bone marrow, cord blood and mobilized peripheral blood

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De Waele M, Renmans W, Asosingh K, Vander Gucht K, Van Riet I. Growth factor receptor profile of CD34+ cells in normal bone marrow, cord blood and mobilized peripheral blood.

Eur J Haematol 2004: 72: 193–202. © Blackwell Munksgaard 2004. Abstract:

Growth factors regulate the proliferation and differentiation of hemopoietic cells. Their effect on hemopoietic precursors differs according to the ontogenic source of the cells. Cord blood and mobilized blood CD34+ cells have a higher sensitivity for growth factors than bone marrow CD34+ cells. This could be due to a higher expression of growth factor receptors. Therefore, we examined the expression of receptors for stem cell factor (SCF), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-3, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and IL-7 on the CD34+ cells of cord blood, mobilized peripheral blood and bone marrow. The receptors were detected with monoclonal antibodies and flow cytometry. The majority of the CD34+ cells in bone marrow clearly expressed SCFR; they showed a moderate positivity for IL-3Rα and a weak staining for G-CSFR and IL-6 Rα. Less than 10% of the cells were IL-7R positive. Cord blood CD34+ cells showed a higher expression of SCFR and a lower positivity for G-CSFR and IL-6Rα. Mobilized blood CD34+ cells showed a lower expression of SCFR and G-CSFR, and a higher positivity for IL-3Rα. This was not solely due to the presence of more myeloid precursors in mobilized blood, as the growth factor receptor profile did not correspond to that of early or late myeloid CD34+ precursors in normal bone marrow. Changes induced by the mobilization procedure occurred as well. In conclusion, the higher sensitivity for growth factors of hemopoietic precursors in cord blood and mobilized blood cannot be explained by a general increase of the growth factor receptor expression on the CD34+ cells.
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Keywords: CD34+ cells; bone marrow; cord blood; growth factor receptors; mobilized peripheral blood

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Laboratory Hematology 2: Clinical Hematology, University Hospital, Free University Brussels, Brussels, Belgium

Publication date: March 1, 2004

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