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Telomere shortening in patients with plasma cell disorders

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Cottliar A, Pedrazzini E, Corrado C, Engelberger MI, Narbaitz M, Slavutsky I. Telomere shortening in patients with plasma cell disorders.

Eur J Haematol 2003: 71: 334–340. © Blackwell Munksgaard 2003. Abstract: Objectives:

Telomeres are essential for maintaining chromosomal integrity; their shortening is associated with chromosome instability. The aim of this work was to study telomere length (TL) on bone marrow (BM) cells from patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). Methods:

Thirty-one MM patients: 12 at diagnosis (D), 11 at relapse (R) and eight at remission (RE) and two cases with MGUS were studied. TL based on terminal restriction fragment (TRF) assay was evaluated. Cytogenetic and molecular cytogenetic analyses were performed. Telomeric associations (TAs) on BM metaphases were also studied. Results:

TRF analysis in total MM patients showed a mean TRF peak value (5.20 ± 0.35 kb) shorter than those observed in controls (8.5 ±  0.5 kb) (P < 0.001). Moreover, TRF at D and R showed a significant telomere shortening (P < 0.001), with TL restored at RE. A strong correlation with the percentage of BM plasma cell infiltration (BMPCI) (rK = −0.540; P = 0.002) was found. Patients with abnormal karyotypes (AK) had significantly shorter TRFs than that observed in MM patients with normal karyotypes (P < 0.05). TRFs in MGUS patients did not differ with respect to controls. TA analysis showed an increased percentage in MM (19.46 ± 1.98%) with respect to MGUS (6.12 ± 1.87%) and normal BM cells (2.00 ± 0.93%) (P < 0.001). Conclusions:

MM patients showed a significant reduction in TL (>60% of BMPCI and AK), suggesting a probable association with clinical evolution. Moreover, our findings support the idea that telomere shortening usually leads to increased frequencies of TAs and chromosome instability.
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Keywords: monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance; multiple myeloma; telomere; telomere shortening; telomeric associations; terminal restriction fragments

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Genética 2: Oncohematología 3: División Patología, Instituto de Investigaciones Hematológicas ‘Mariano R. Castex’, Academia Nacional de Medicina, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Publication date: November 1, 2003

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