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Effects of angiogenic regulators on in vitro proliferation and cytokine secretion by native human acute myelogenous leukemia blasts

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Bruserud Ø, Glenjen N, Ryningen A. Effects of angiogenic regulators on in vitro proliferation and cytokine secretion by native human acute myelogenous leukemia blasts.

Eur J Haematol 2003: 71: 9–17. © Blackwell Munksgaard 2003. Abstract:

Angiogenesis seems to be important in the pathogenesis of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). The endothelial cell proliferation and microvessel formation are regulated by a wide range of soluble mediators, including angiogenin, angiopoietin-2, basic fibroblast growth factors, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF-D, angiostatin and endostatin. In the present study, it has been investigated whether these mediators have an additional direct effect on the proliferation and cytokine release by native human AML blasts. AML cells derived from a large group of consecutive patients were investigated. All these mediators could alter the proliferation and cytokine release [interleukin (IL) 1β, IL6, IL8, tumor necrosis factor α] for a minority of patients. Alteration of spontaneous proliferation by at least one mediator was detected in five of 38 patients; whereas, altered cytokine (Flt3-ligand, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, stem cell factor)-dependant proliferation was observed for 10 patients. Growth enhancement was most frequently observed, whereas growth inhibition was uncommon. The effects on AML blast proliferation were often dependant on or were modulated by the presence of the three hematopoietic growth factors. Based on the present results, it is concluded that angioregulatory mediators have additional growth-enhancing effects directly on the AML blasts for certain patients. However, based on the results from this investigation and previous studies it is suggested that their major contribution to the pathogenesis of AML is through their effects on regulation of bone marrow angiogenesis, and future studies of these mediators in AML should probably focus on these effects.
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Keywords: acute myelogenous leukemia; angiogenin; angiopoietin-2; angiostatin; basic fibroblast growth factor; endostatin; vascular endothelial growth factor

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2003

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