The presence of a significant association between elevated PRV-1 mRNA expression and low plasma erythropoietin concentration in essential thrombocythaemia
Approximately 45% of newly diagnosed patients with essential thrombocythaemia (ET) demonstrate subnormal plasma erythropoietin (EPO) concentrations, which constitutes a risk factor for occlusive vascular events. In 58 ET patients, a possible association between polycythaemia rubra vera-1 (PRV-1) overexpression and subnormal plasma EPO was investigated, which was always measured prior to the institution of platelet lowering agents. At the time when PRV-1 expression was measured, 28 of 58 (48%) ET patients had received platelet lowering treatment. PRV-1 expression was measured by quantitative real-time reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction assay of mRNA extracted from purified peripheral blood buffy coat. The cycle threshold (CT) value of PRV-1 was determined and was divided with the CT value for the housekeeping GAPDH gene transcript. A quotient <0.93 was defined as PRV-1 positive. Of the ET patients 12 of 58 (21%) were PRV-1 positive and 19 of 58 (33%) demonstrated subnormal plasma EPO. In the 58 ET patients there was a significant association between low plasma EPO and PRV-1 positive results (P = 0.001). The 30 ET patients who had not received any platelet lowering treatment showed a significant (P = 0.005) relation between PRV-1 positivity and subnormal plasma EPO. No such relationship was present in the 28 ET patients who had received prior treatment with the above drugs (P = 0.147).
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Haematology and Coagulation Section, Department of Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, University of Göteborg, Göteborg; 2: Department of Clinical Chemistry and Transfusion Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden
Publication date: June 1, 2003