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B‐lymphocytes in CLL and NHL differ in the mRNA splicing pattern of the CD45 molecule

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Abstract: In the present study the cell surface expression of CD45 isoforms on normal and neoplastic human B cells was correlated with splice products of the CD45 mRNA, using RT‐PCR technology. In non‐Hodgkin's lymphoma cells in the leukemic phase (NHL) the majority of the cells expressed a high level of CD45RA, while in CLL most of the cells expressed a low level. In the Raji and Daudi Burkitt B‐cell lymphoma lines the main CD45 mRNA product was the largest, unspliced, full‐length isoform (456) and the 56 splice product. Similar results were obtained with B‐cell lymphoma cells isolated from the peripheral blood of patients with NHL in the leukemic phase. In EBV‐transformed B‐cell lines, the 456 and the 56 isoform of CD45 mRNA were predominant, but in addition a low level of the 5‐ and 0‐exon splice products was detected. A strikingly different pattern was obtained with B‐CLL cells. In CLL the level of the 456 and the 56 isoforms was low, while that of the 5‐ and 0‐exon splice products was increased. Thus, in contrast to the heterogeneity in the expression of CD45RO in B‐CLL, the majority of the cells contained the CD45 mRNA splice product coding for CD45RO. Analysis of splice products of the CD45 mRNA may serve as an additional tool to differentiate CLL from the leukemic phase of NHL.
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Keywords: CD45 isoforms; CD45 mRNA; CLL; NHL

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Hubert H. Humphrey Center for Experimental Medicine and Cancer Research, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel, 2: Lymphoma–Leukemia Unit, Department of Hematology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel, and 3: Experimental Surgery, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel

Publication date: June 1, 2000

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