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Patterns of functional and taxonomic organization of stream fishes: inferences based on α, , and  diversities

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The primary objective of this study was to determine whether total biodiversity () is partitioned into within-community (α) and among-community () components differently for taxonomic and functional organization. I hypothesized that α diversity will contribute more to the functional organization of  diversity and that  diversity will contribute more to the taxonomic organization of  diversity. A secondary objective was to determine whether the relationship between taxonomic and functional diversity is scale dependent. Species abundance data was obtained from fisheries surveys conducted by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Dept that focused on least disturbed streams from 11 different ecoregions of Texas, including 62 localities from 18 drainages. Functional and taxonomic organization of assemblages was quantified with two different measures of biodiversity, including richness and the numbers equivalent of Shannon diversity. Scale-dependent effects on these indices were assessed by multiplicatively partitioning  into α and  components. The contribution of α and  components to  diversity differed between functional and taxonomic organization and among different measures of biodiversity. Among-community components were more influential in structuring the taxonomic organization of stream-fish assemblages, whereas within-community components were more important in structuring the functional organization of assemblages. The relationship between taxonomic and functional diversity differed between α and  components and between spatial scales. Indeed, ecological patterns not only change with spatial scale, but how they change is dependent on which aspect of biodiversity is considered.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2010

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