Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Prey availability influences habitat tolerance: an explanation for the rarity of peregrine falcons in the tropics

Buy Article:

The full text article is temporarily unavailable.

We apologise for the inconvenience. Please try again later.

The density and productivity of peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus populations correlate positively with distance from the Equator, while habitat specificity increases with proximity to the Equator. Low peregrine densities in the tropics may be a result of competition with similar congeners (e.g. the lanner falcon F. biarmicus in Africa), which replace them in many areas. Alternatively, tropical peregrines may be limited by resource deficiencies that do not affect their close relatives. Data from peregrine and lanner populations in South Africa support the resource deficiency hypothesis, and there is no evidence to suggest direct competition between the two species. In areas where prey are not spatially or temporally concentrated, or otherwise particularly vulnerable to attack, morphological and behavioural specializations of peregrines probably restrict them to optimal foraging conditions. The relative dynamics of Arctic and temperate vs tropical prey populations is suggested as an important factor determining peregrine distribution globally. Populations of other widespread but particularly specialized avian predators (e.g. osprey Pandion haliaetus) may be similarly controlled. Food limitation (in terms of a dearth of particularly vulnerable prey) in the tropics has resulted in specialization and rarity in peregrines and generalization and relative abundance in similar congeners.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2001

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more