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Penetrating the plaque biofilm: impact of essential oil mouthwash

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Ouhayoun J-P: Penetrating the plaque biofilm: impact of essential oil mouthwash. J Clin Periodontol 2003; 30 (Suppl. 5): 10–12. © Blackwell Munksgaard, 2003. Abstract

The interaction between saliva-coated tooth surfaces and pathogenic bacteria is partly governed by electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions, providing a solid rationale for using chemical agents as part of a plaque-control routine. Chlorhexidine works in several ways. For example, it binds to salivary mucins on the bacterial cell membrane, and penetrates the plaque biofilm. Essential oil (EO) mouthwashes kill micro-organisms by disrupting their cell walls and inhibiting their enzymic activity. They prevent bacterial aggregation, slow multiplication and extract endotoxins. Recent studies have shown that bacterial phenotypes are altered when organisms change from a planktonic to a sessile state. This suggests that an effective mouthwash must also penetrate the plaque biofilm. Two studies have demonstrated the ability of an EO mouthwash to penetrate the plaque biofilm .
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Keywords: adhesin receptors; biofilm; colonization; essential oil mouthwash; mucins

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Periodontology, University Paris 7, Paris, France

Publication date: June 1, 2003

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