Maternal risk indicators for childhood caries in an inner city population
This study evaluated whether characteristics of mothers, such as high mutans streptococci (MS) level, caries experience, reported sugar consumption and demographic variables, could be important risk indicators of caries for their children. Methods:
Mothers selected on the basis of the caries status of their 3–5-year-old-children were tested for MS, caries, reported sugar consumption and demographic variables. Results:
We found strong associations between children's caries and their mothers' MS levels (high/low adj. OR = 11.3), maternal active caries (yes/no adj. OR = 4.0) and maternal sugar consumption (high/low adj. OR = 4.2). In this small study, mothers' demographic variables were not associated with the status of caries in their children. Conclusions:
Our findings suggest that maternal high MS levels, maternal active decay and maternal sugar consumption are strong risk indicators for children's caries. Although further study is needed, these three maternal risk indicators, taken together, may prove useful in predicting children's caries risk.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Montefiore Medical Center, Montefiore Dental Center at Jacobi Hospital, Bronx, New York and 2: New York University College of Dentistry, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Kriser Dental Center, New York, NY, USA
Publication date: June 1, 2002