Expression of toll‐like receptors in T lymphocytes stimulated with N‐(3‐oxododecanoyl)‐L‐homoserine lactone from Pseudomonas aeruginosa
The establishment of chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections is correlated with the disturbance of the host immune system. The P. aeruginosa quorum‐sensing molecule N‐3‐(oxododecanoyl)‐L‐homoserine lactone (3‐O‐C12‐HSL) has the potential to modulate the host immune system. The immune system recognizes pathogens via toll‐like receptors (TLRs). We found that 3‐O‐C12‐HSL induced TLR changes in monocytes. However, the role of T cells in P. aeruginosa infection has not been delineated. In order to understand this activity, we examined whether 3‐O‐C12‐HSL has an effect on the immune function and the expression of TLRs in T lymphocytes. Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) cells were cultured with 0, 1, 10, 50, or 100 μM 3‐O‐C12‐HSL for 12 h. TLR2/TLR4 expression and T‐lymphocyte proliferation were increased in a dose‐dependent manner, and 100 μM 3‐O‐C12‐HSL significantly increased TLR2 expression. Moreover, tumor necrosis factor‐α production of these PBMCs was inhibited. To conclude, 3‐O‐C12‐HSL can induce lymphocyte cell proliferation. These findings provide a new perspective on our understanding of the persistence of the chronic inflammation that accompanies P. aeruginosa infection.
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