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Oropharyngeal Candida colonization in human immunodeficiency virus infected patients

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Oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) is a very common oral symptom for HIV infected patients. OPC is often caused by overgrowth of commensal Candida strains which asymptomatically colonize oral cavity of HIV+ patients. HIV infection can not only weaken the systemic and local mucosal immunity but also interact with Candida species colonizing in oral cavity. These changes in host immunity and Candida species may facilitate Candida colonization in oral cavity of HIV infected patients. This review will discuss oral Candida colonization (including asymptomatic Candida carriage and OPC) prevalence, colonization spectrum, colonization intensity, relationship between oropharyngeal Candida colonization and peripheral blood CD4+ T cell counts, association of plasma levels of HIV RNA and Candida colonization, and other factors related with Candida colonization in HIV+ patients.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2013

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