Distribution of Foxp3-, CD4- and CD8-positive lymphocytic cells in benign and malignant prostate tissue
Foxp3 is a transcription factor that inhibits antitumor immune response and is expressed in regulatory T cells (Tregs). High levels of Tregs have been reported in several human cancers. This study investigates the distribution of cells positive for Foxp3, CD4 and CD8 in benign prostatic tissues and prostatic carcinoma. Tissue microarrays were constructed from radical prostatectomy specimens of 36 patients. From each patient, six cores were taken: two cores from cancer, one from benign tissue of each of the peripheral (PZ), transition (TZ) and central zones (CZ) and one from atrophy. Foxp3-, CD4- and CD8-positive cells were more common in cancer than in non-atrophic benign tissue (p < 0.01) and more common in atrophy than in non-atrophic PZ, but did not differ significantly between cancer and atrophy. Cells positive for Foxp3 and CD4 were less prevalent in CZ than in PZ and TZ. Tregs infiltrate more in prostate cancer (PC) than in benign tissue. Their presence in atrophy may have relevance for the hypothesis on atrophy as a potential precursor lesion of PC. CZ has the lowest Treg levels, and a possible role for the low rate of cancer in this zone remains to be investigated.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Oncology and Pathology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden 2: Department of Pathology, Hôpital la Pitié Salpêtrière, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris VI, Paris 3: Department of Urology, Hôpital la Pitié Salpêtrière, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris VI, Paris 4: International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
Publication date: May 1, 2010