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Reduced phagocytic activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes in α(1,3) fucosyltransferase VII-deficient mice

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Deficiencies in adhesion molecules or their counter-receptors in humans may have severe consequences as exemplified by leukocyte adhesion deficiency (LAD) I or II syndromes. Because such diseases occur with great rarity, animal models are valuable for studying the role of particular adhesion molecules and their natural ligands in immunity. We studied selected immune parameters and general health in mice with a defect in the sialyl-Lewis X antigen (selectin ligand) caused by disruption of the gene encoding α(1,3)fucosyltransferase VII (Fuc-TVII). Leukocytes from Fuc-TVII −/− and control mice were tested for adherence to cellophane membranes or polymer particles in vivo and phagocytic activity in vitro. While no difference in adherence was found, the number of neutrophil granulocytes in exudate induced by intraperitoneal injection of polymer beads was reduced in knock-out mice. Moreover, the phagocytic activity in Fuc-TVII −/− mice was significantly reduced. These animals have splenomegaly due to increased hematopoiesis and reduced weight but do not exhibit clinical signs of immunodeficiency. In conclusion, the lack of Fuc-TVII activity leads to several morphological and functional abnormalities without an impact on survival rate.
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Keywords: adhesion molecules; gene knock-out; phagocytosis; selectin ligand; α(1,3)fucosyltransferase VII

Document Type: Original Article

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Immunology, 2 2: Institute of Molecular Genetics, Department of Mammalian Development, Academy of Sciencies of the Czech Republic 3: Institute of Anatomy, 1

Publication date: 01 June 2000

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