Costs of brain disorders in Finland
Acta Neurol Scand: DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.2007.00973.x.
© 2007 The Authors Journal compilation © 2007 Blackwell Munksgaard. Objective –
To calculate the costs of brain disorders on the national level. Methods –
Electronic data bases, national registers and internet data. Results –
Any brain disorder was estimated to affect a fifth of the Finnish population. The three most common disorders were migraine, anxiety disorder and affective disorder. The total costs of brain disorders constituted 3% of the national gross product, or 45% of all the health-care costs. However, this is likely a conservative estimate, because not all chronic brain disorders and not all costs were included. Of the total costs of brain disorders, 32% were for direct health care, 23% for indirect medical care and 45% for indirect costs. Dementia was the most costly individual brain disorder followed by addiction and affective disorders. Most costly per case were brain tumours and multiple sclerosis. Conclusion –
Brain disorders constitute a costly part of the population’s health costs. Directed preventive measures are needed to counteract the population morbidity and to control the increasing cost pressure in health care.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Departments of Public Health and Child Neurology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland 2: Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden 3: Departments of Mental Health and Alcohol Research, National Public Health Institute, and Department of Psychiatry, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
Publication date: 01 March 2008