Effect of Treatment with Low-Intensity and Extremely Low-Frequency Electrostatic Fields (Deep Oscillation®) on Breast Tissue and Pain in Patients with Secondary Breast Lymphoedema
Methods: Twenty-one patients were randomized either to the treatment group (n=11): 12 sessions of manual lymphatic drainage supplemented by Deep Oscillation®, or to the control group (n=10): manual lymphatic drainage alone. Assessment included subjective pain and swelling evaluation, range of motion of the shoulder and the cervical spine, and analysis of breast volume using a 3D measuring system.
Results: Patients had high pain and swelling scores at baseline. Shoulder mobility was impaired in all patients; restriction of cervical spine mobility was common at baseline and declined further in the control group. Deep Oscillation® resulted in significant pain reduction in the treatment group. The subjective reported reduction of swelling in both groups was confirmed objectively by 3D measurement only in the treatment group.
Conclusion: Additional Deep Oscillation® supplementary to manual lymphatic drainage can significantly enhance pain alleviation and swelling reduction in patients with secondary breast lymphoedema compared with manual lymphatic drainage alone.
Document Type: Miscellaneous
Publication date: 01 September 2008
Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine is the international peer-reviewed journal published in English, with at least 10 issues published per year.
Original articles, reviews, case reports, short communications, special reports and letters to the editor are published, as also are editorials and book reviews. The journal strives to provide its readers with a variety of topics including: functional assessment and intervention studies, clinical studies in various patient groups, methodology in physical and rehabilitation medicine, epidemiological studies on disabling conditions and reports on vocational and sociomedical aspects of rehabilitation.
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