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Analyzing HRD and NHRD: the road ahead for Afghanistan

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Purpose ‐ The purpose of this paper is to explore the concepts of national human resource development (NHRD) and human resource development (HRD) in order to demonstrate their mutually reinforcing strategic value in the nation building process of Afghanistan. Design/methodology/approach ‐ This study conducted an analysis of the national context and organizational context of an international aid agency in relation to Afghanistan's nation building challenges. Findings ‐ The authors propose NHRD as an effective strategic approach to progressing Afghanistan's nation building strategy to be simultaneously used by the Afghan government and UNDP. Effective deployment of HRD principles in the selected international aid agency may further contribute to the nation building effort within Afghanistan by helping maximize organizational and workforce performances. In conjunction, these human development strategies can assist Afghan government's policy makers, and international aid agencies to successfully achieve human development goals. Practical implications ‐ The authors suggest that it is increasingly important for policy makers to understand the significant contribution of NHRD in nation building and organizational development. The authors propose some recommendations toward a sustainable modernization of a nation specifically in the context of the developing country. Social implications ‐ The paper advances the mutually reinforcing value of NHRD and HRD and highlights their contribution towards human development, abatement of social injustices and building democracies around the world. Originality/value ‐ The paper explores a complex environment such as Afghanistan in which human development challenges are a shared responsibility between the national government and the international community. The authors' discussion can serve as an example to demonstrate the role of NHRD in other post-war and transitioning countries. This paper is also important for HRD scholars interested in exploring new and challenging contexts as it highlights HRD's role as a valuable policy tool in the context of national and international development.
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Keywords: Afghanistan; Aid agencies; Human development; Human resource development; International conflict; Nation building; National human resource development; Organizational performance

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 2, 2012

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