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Experimental investigation of microdrilling of printed circuit board

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Purpose ‐ The purpose of this paper is to investigate the cutting mechanism of drilling printed circuit board (PCB) and to optimize the drilling parameters for decreasing burr size and thrust force. Design/methodology/approach ‐ An experimental study was carried out to investigate the effect of drilling parameters on thrust force and burr formation. The drilling process of PCB was divided by the variation of drilling force signals. Analysis of variance (ANVONA) was carried out for burr size and thrust force. Desirability function method was used in multiple response optimization, to find the best drilling parameters. Findings ‐ Enter burr and exit burr have different morphologies and types. The generation of enter burr is mainly caused by burr bending which can be observed in micrographs, whereas the generation of exit burr is more complicated than enter burr; both burr breakup and burr bending are observed in exit burrs. In the selected area, the optimized spindle speed and feed rate for drilling PCB is 12?krev/min and 6?mm/s, respectively. Research limitations/implications ‐ In this paper, hole wall roughness and tool wear were not considered in the optimization of drilling parameters. The future research work should consider them. Originality/value ‐ This paper investigates the mechanism of burr formation and thrust force in drilling PCB and then optimizes the drilling parameters to decrease the burr formation and thrust force.
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Keywords: Burr; Electronic engineering; Microdrilling; Optimization; Printed-circuit boards; Thrust force

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 10, 2013

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