Assessing the incapacitative effects of pepper spray during resistive encounters with the police

Authors: Kaminski, Robert JEdwards, Steven MJohnson, James W

Source: Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, Volume 22, Number 1, 1999, pp. 7-30(24)

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Keywords: Effectiveness; Police; Violence

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 1999

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