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Mediators of transformational leadership and the work-family relationship

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– The purpose of this paper is to examine the ways in which leaders influence follower’s work-life management. Specifically, the authors propose that personal (positive affect), social (managerial support for work-family balance), and job (autonomy) resources mediate the relationships between transformational leadership and work-family conflict (WFC) and enrichment.


– The sample included 411 managers in 37 hotel properties across the USA.


– The relationship between TL and WFC was mediated by autonomy, positive affect and managerial support for work-family balance, whereas the relationship between TL and WFE was mediated by managerial support for work-family balance and positive affect.

Research limitations/implications

– This study constructs a foundation for future integration of leadership and work and family literatures. It also provides preliminary support for work-family enrichment theory (Greenhaus and Powell, 2006), as well as the value of examining leadership through a resource-based perspective.

Practical implications

– Interventions designed to enhance leadership may be effective not only in the workplace, but also for reducing WFC and promoting enrichment.


– This study is the first to directly examine the effect of transformational leadership and both WFC and enrichment. Further, it specifies mediating variables that underlie these relationships.
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Keywords: Resources; Transformational leadership; Work-family conflict; Work-family enrichment

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Kemmy Business School, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland 2: Department of Psychology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA 3: School of Hospitality Management, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA 4: College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA 5: Department for Human Capital, Food and Drug Administration Center for Veterinary Medicine, Rockville, Maryland, USA

Publication date: May 11, 2015

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