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Influence of braking pressure on tribological performance of non-asbestos brake shoe for mine hoister during emergency braking

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Purpose ‐ The purpose of this paper is to describe some tribological experiments which were executed to find the influence of braking pressure on tribological performance of non-asbestos brake shoe used in mine hoister during its emergency braking. Design/methodology/approach ‐ The WSM-3 non-asbestos brake shoe, which has been widely used in mine hoister, was selected as experimental material. Some tribological experiments of the brake shoe sliding on 16Mn steel were investigated on the X-DM friction tester by simulating of emergency braking conditions of mine hoister. Three kinds of tribological indexes: friction coefficient, stability coefficient of friction coefficient, and wear rate were considered to score the tribological performance and the morphology of worn surfaces were observed through the S-3000N scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to explore the tribological mechanisms. Findings ‐ It was found first, that the instant friction coefficient is not constant during emergency braking. After a short climbing period, it rises gradually to steady value. Second, with the increasing of braking pressure, the mean friction coefficient rises first then falls, while its stability coefficient falls gradually. The wear rate rises continuously with the braking pressure increasing. Also, the rising velocity of wear rate at high pressure is higher than it is at low pressure. Third, the instant surface temperature rises first then falls during braking and the mean surface temperature rises continuously with the braking pressure increasing. Originality/value ‐ It is found that the increasing of braking pressure within a certain range is helpful for achieving a high friction coefficient and a steady wear rate. But too high pressure will cause contrarily the falling of frictional performance and serious of wear performance. So it is not reliable to rise the braking pressure without limited during emergency braking.
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Keywords: Braking pressure; Braking systems; Emergency braking; Friction; Hoists; Mine hoister; Non-asbestos brake shoe; Tribological performance; Tribology

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 15, 2012

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