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Tribological synergism of surface-modified calcium borate nanoparticles and sulfurized olefin

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Purpose ‐ Sulfurized olefins have been extensively used in many kinds of gear lubricants as EP additives. However, their commercial applications are not totally satisfactory because of the pungent, obnoxious odor and corrosion of copper and copper alloys. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the synergistic effects of one type of calcium borate nanoparticles modified by oleic acid (code to CaBN) and sulfurized olefin, in a kind of mineral base oil MVIS 250, in order to find a potential substitute for sulfurized olefins. Design/methodology/approach ‐ One kind of calcium borate nanoparticle modified by oleic acid (CaBN) was prepared, and its structures were characterized by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), X-ray power diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The tribological properties of the complex of CaBN with sulfurized olefins (T321) in base oil were evaluated using four-ball tribotester and compared with CaBN or T321 as individual component. The worn surfaces were investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). In addition, the corrosion-inhibiting properties of additives were also studied. Findings ‐ The results of tests show that there are significant synergistic effects on tribological properties between two kinds of additives. Based on the results of SEM and XPS, it can be deduced that a wear resistance film containing B2O3, FeS, FeS2 and CaO was formed on the worn surfaces during the sliding process. Moreover, CaBN and T321 also show excellent synergistic effect on the corrosion-inhibiting property. Originality/value ‐ This paper provides a kind of "green" nanoparticle which possesses excellent synergic effect with sulfurized olefins, and gives another selection for industrial applications in which T321 is needed.
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Keywords: Calcium borate; Corrosion resistance; Films (states of matter); Nanoparticles; Oil solubility; Oils; Sulfurized olefins; Synergism; Tribology

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 15, 2012

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