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The state's role in promoting Nigerian financial development and economic growth

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Purpose ‐ The purpose of this study is to propose a framework for conceptualizing the finance-growth theory in developing economies. Design/methodology/approach ‐ The study uses a cointegration and error correction model to investigate the possible influence of key socio-political characters of a state on the causal relationship between financial development and economic growth. A developing economy (Nigeria) which had experienced decades of autocratic military governance was studied. Three characters of the state (ethnicity, civil war and military governance) were derived from a historical review and were introduced into the cointegration analysis as dummy variables. Findings ‐ Evidence of a causal relationship was found to exist from financial development to economic growth and the characters of the state were found to have no significant impact on this relationship. Research limitations/implications ‐ The research limitations were based on the reliability of data recorded between 1960 and 2007. Practical implications ‐ This study is practical from the point of view of the integration of qualitative social disturbances into a quantitative model targeted at exploring the practical developmental impact these disturbances may have had and continue to have on economic growth. Social implications ‐ The social implication of this study stems from the impact that adverse socio-political influences may have on financial development and economic growth. Originality/value ‐ This is an original piece of research focused at understanding the unique social, political and macroeconomic circumstance of a strategically relevant developing economy.
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Keywords: Development; History of political economic thought; Institutions and institutional analysis; Interest and pressure groups; Political economics; Social policy

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 6, 2014

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