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Determinants of antenatal care quality in Ghana

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– To achieve Goal 5 of the MDGs, the Government of Ghana introduced the free maternal health service system to break financial barriers of access to maternal care services. In spite of this, facility-based deliveries continue to be low due partly to poor quality of antenatal care that prevents pregnant women from giving birth in hospitals. The aim of this study is to examine factors shaping quality of antenatal care in selected public hospitals in the country.


– 363 expectant mothers were randomly selected for interview. Women who have previously received antenatal care in the health facilities for at least two occasions were interviewed. Multivariate logistic regression model were computed to examine correlates of antenatal care quality.


– The odds of reporting quality of antenatal care as good was higher among women aged between 30 and 34 years. Similarly women with junior/senior high education were more likely to report antenatal care quality as good. Distance to the health facilities generally influence women perception of antenatal care quality but the relative odds of reporting quality of care as good attenuated with proximity to the health facility. Five factors (pleasant interaction with providers, privacy during consultation, attentiveness of providers, adequate facilities and availability of drugs) emerged as statistically significant in explaining antenatal care quality after controlling for selected demographic variables.


– Results of the study generally demonstrate the need to improve maternal services in public facilities to stimulate utilisation and facility-based deliveries.
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Keywords: Antenatal care; Expectant mother; Ghana; Health services; Hospitals; Service quality

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Public Administration and Health Services Management, University of Ghana Business School, Accra, Ghana

Publication date: August 23, 2013

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