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Reviewing the relationship between human resource practices and psychological contract and their impact on employee attitude and behaviours: A conceptual model

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Purpose ‐ The purpose of this paper is to review and synthesise literature on the role of human resource practices (HRP) in shaping employee psychological contract (PC). Based on this review, a conceptual framework for examining the relationship between HRP and PC and their impact on employee attitudes as well as behaviour has been put forward for further examination. Design/methodological/approach ‐ An extensive review of the literature, examining the role of HRP in influencing PC of employees, between the periods 1972 to 2007 has been conducted. Adopting the multi-level approach, the paper discusses the role of individual variable (PC) and organisational variable (HRP) on employee attitudes and behaviours. Findings ‐ The review brings to fore the following: the role of business and employment relationship strategy on HRP; the relationship between HRP and organisation culture as well as employees attitudes and behaviours; the relationship between HRP on and employee's psychological contract; and the moderating effect of those conceptions on employee attitudes and behaviours relationship. Practical implications ‐ HRP and PC influence employee attitudes and behaviours as well as have a bearing on organisational effectiveness. Suggestively, as a policy implication, firms need to craft and effectively communicate their HR toolkit based on their employment relationship and business strategies. Originality/value ‐ The main contribution of this paper is that it synthesises the research examining the impact of HRP on PC. Adopting a meso theory, the paper integrates both organisational and individual level variables and proposes a conceptual model.
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Keywords: Employee attitudes; Employee behaviour; Human resource management; Psychological contracts

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 23, 2009

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