The reflective (and competent) practitioner: a model of professional competence which seeks to harmonise the reflective practitioner and competence-based approaches
In an earlier article, published in 1996, the authors described a provisional model of professional competence which attempted to harmonise the "reflective practitioner" paradigm (developed by Schön and now espoused by many professional education programmes) with competence-based approaches. The latter included both the "functional outcomes" approach and the "personal competence" approach. Views on the composite model were sought from readers of this journal. The model was also tested as part of a programme of empirical work across 20 different professions. This paper offers a revised version of the model which takes account of the suggestions made by a significant number of respondents, as well as observations from the empirical work.
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