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Open Access High Temperature Thermomechanical Properties of Titanium-Rhodium-based Alloys Containing Scandium

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At high temperatures, the equiatomic binary compounds formed by Groups 4 and 8 transition metals are known to undergo martensitic transformation, which may be accompanied by a shape memory effect. Among these compounds, titanium-rhodium (TiRh) is of special interest not only because it undergoes two martensitic transformations at high temperature, for one of which the shape memory effect has been observed, but also because it demonstrates unusual shape recovery behaviour at temperatures higher than 400°C. The present work focuses upon the thermomechanical and mechanical properties of 50 at% rhodium-scandium-titanium ternary alloys where Ti is substituted by Sc. These alloys were investigated for the first time using electrical resistance, dilatometry and three-point bending techniques in the temperature range 20°C to 850°C. It was found that the sample with 0.1 at% Sc exhibited full shape restoration in the ranges of both martensitic transformations at ~340°C and ~750°C. Two-way shape recovery was also observed. A small temperature hysteresis, desirableforalloysused inactuator applications, is present in TiRh and Rh-Sc-Ti alloys. Both TiRh and Sc-containing alloys exhibit continuity of the deformation process on cooling and shape restoration on heating in a wide range of temperatures. This feature of both TiRh and Rh-Sc-Ti alloys implies the possibility of their application in different heat-regulating elements at temperature ranges from room temperature to 850°C.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2014

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