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Open Access Wear Resistance of Platinum and Gold Alloys: A Comparative Study : Platinum jewellery items outlast gold

A series of iterative wear and corrosion tests were conducted on two 950 platinum alloys, two 585 white gold alloys and two 750 white gold alloys. Testing followed standardised industrial procedures in order to provide comparable and reproducible conditions. Wear testing comprised a sequence including abrasion testing, corrosion testing and polish testing. Mass loss was recorded after each test cycle. Five complete test cycles were followed by two long-term polish tests. The total testing time was ca. 250 h. A pronounced difference in the mass and volume loss between the platinum and the gold alloys was observed. The absolute volume loss per surface area of the platinum alloys was a factor of two to three times lower than that of the gold alloys. The highest volume loss was observed for 750AuPd, followed by 585AuPd, 585AuNi and 750AuNi with the latter three showing similar wear behaviours. The mass loss increased linearly with testing time. No measurable mass loss was observed by corrosion testing in our limited duration test cycle and the only alloy exhibiting significant corrosion was 585AuNi. Hardness of the alloys was determined by Vickers microhardness testing at a 100 g load. Notably, higher hardness levels were not found to be an indicator for low mass or volume loss.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Research Institute for Precious Metals and Metals Chemistry (fem) Katharinenstrasse 17, 73525 Schwäbisch Gmünd Germany 2: TechForm Advanced Casting Technology 5558-D SE International Way, Portland, Oregon 97222 USA

Publication date: July 1, 2021

This article was made available online on April 21, 2021 as a Fast Track article with title: "Wear Resistance of Platinum and Gold Alloys: A Comparative Study ".

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