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Open Access Adaptable Reactors for Resource- and Energy-Efficient Methane Valorisation (ADREM) : Benchmarking modular technologies

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Following the global trend towards increased energy demand together with requirements for low greenhouse gas emissions, Adaptable Reactors for Resource- and Energy-Efficient Methane Valorisation (ADREM) focused on the development of modular reactors that can upgrade methane‐rich sources to chemicals. Herein we summarise the main findings of the project, excluding in‐depth technical analysis. The ADREM reactors include microwave technology for conversion of methane to benzene, toluene and xylenes (BTX) and ethylene; plasma for methane to ethylene; plasma dry methane reforming to syngas; and the gas solid vortex reactor (GSVR) for methane to ethylene. Two of the reactors (microwave to BTX and plasma to ethylene) have been tested at technology readiness level 5 (TRL 5). Compared to flaring, all the concepts have a clear environmental benefit, reducing significantly the direct carbon dioxide emissions. Their energy efficiency is still relatively low compared to conventional processes, and the costly and energy-demanding downstream processing should be replaced by scalable energy efficient alternatives. However, considering the changing market conditions with electrification becoming more relevant and the growing need to decrease greenhouse gas emissions, the ADREM technologies, utilising mostly electricity to achieve methane conversion, are promising candidates in the field of gas monetisation.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: TechnipFMC Process Technology PO Box 86, 2700 AB Zoetermeer The Netherlands 2: Process & Energy Department, Delft University of Technology Leeghwaterstraat 39, 2628 CB Delft The Netherlands 3: Institute of Nanoscience of Aragón and Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of Zaragoza Campus Río Ebro, I+D+i Building, 50018 Zaragoza Spain 4: Process Engineering for Sustainable Systems (ProcESS), Department of Chemical Engineering KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200F, B-3001 Heverlee, Leuven Belgium 5: Laboratory for Chemical Technology, Department of Materials, Textiles and Chemical Engineering Technologiepark 125, 9052 Ghent Belgium 6: Department of Catalysis and Chemical Reaction Engineering, National Institute of Chemistry Hajdrihova 19, SI-1001 Ljubljana Slovenia

Publication date: July 1, 2020

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