The demand for lithium is expected to increase drastically in the near future due to the increased usage of rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (LIB) in electric vehicles, smartphones and other portable electronics. To alleviate the potential risk of undersupply, lithium can be extracted
from raw sources consisting of minerals and brines or from recycled batteries and glasses. Aqueous lithium mining from naturally occurring brines and salt deposits is advantageous compared to extraction from minerals, since it may be more environmentally friendly and cost-effective. In this
article, we briefly discuss the adsorptive behaviour, synthetic methodology and prospects or challenges of major sorbents including spinel lithium manganese oxide (Li-Mn-O or LMO), spinel lithium titanium oxide (Li-Ti-O or LTO) and lithium aluminium layered double hydroxide chloride (LiCl·2Al(OH)3).
Membrane approaches and lithium recovery from end-of-life LIB will also be briefly discussed.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 2018
This article was made available online on March 16, 2018 as a Fast Track article with title: "Lithium Recovery from Aqueous Resources and Batteries: A Brief Review".
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Johnson Matthey's international journal of research exploring science and technology in industrial applications. The Johnson Matthey Technology Review publishes reviews, articles, book reviews, conference reviews, short reports and abstracts focused on science and technology in a range of areas relevant to industry.
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