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Railway villages in south east Monmouthshire 1850–1965: a community perspective

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This study blends evidence from historical archives with findings from a household survey to explore differences in the impact of developments in the railway industry on the physical growth and changing social profiles of three neighbouring villages in south east Monmouthshire during the period 1850–1965. Within the framework of the community studies tradition, and conceptualisation of the railway village, this article differentiates local outcomes in employment and social profile generated by the construction of the Severn Tunnel and placement of associated infrastructure. The scene is set by examining phases in the local development of the railway industry, housing provision and related population trends. A critical overview of the principal data sources follows. This leads to an evaluation of the concept of 'community', aspects of which are illustrated from village case histories predicated on the selected themes of social segregation, assimilation, community anchorage and household persistence.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2013

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  • Local Population Studies was first published in 1968, and since then it has focused on presenting cutting-edge research in local, population and social history. It is published twice a year online and in print by the Local Population Studies Society, with the support of the University of Oxford. For information about how to become a member of the LPSS, and for freely available back issues from 1968 to 2010, please visit
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