The Newfoundland trade and Devonian migration c. 1600–1850
The Newfoundland trade, which began with a male-dominated migratory fishery and evolved as a triangular trans-Atlantic system, has been widely studied, but this article investigates the effects of the specialised trade on the characteristics of migration from and within Devon. It examines the nature of the migrations of the main socio-economic participants and the evolution of the nature of migration over time—from temporary to permanent and from mainly that of labourers to that of artisans. Within Devon, settlement examinations show that for labourers a Newfoundland migration often followed a parish apprenticeship and that the distances travelled prior to departure varied. Finally, consideration is given to the impact of the Newfoundland trade on local population balances and migration figures.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 September 2012
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