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Open Access THE THIRD WAY: Prepositional Adverbials in the Diachrony of Romance (Part One)

This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY licence.

This paper analyzes the role of adverbials including a preposition and an adjective (PA pattern) in the diachrony of Romance, from Latin to present-day varieties. In view of present-day standardized Romance languages, PA -patterns (e. g., Sp. de seguro) appear to be lexicalized Ā»adverbial locutionsĀ«. Empirical data show, however, that they are (i) productive and (ii) systematically used as alternatives to adverbial adjectives (e. g., Sp. viene seguro’s/he comes sure‘) and adverbs ending in-mente (e. g., Sp. viene seguramente’s/he surely comes‘), until the 17th century. Consequently, PA -patterns are likely to have systematically appeared as a third way of forming adverbials in terms of mainstream analyticity in the Latin-Romance transition. Regarding functional differentiation, PA -patterns display affinity to circumstantial modification, which secondarily favors the development of discourse functions. Two case studies provide a fine-graded diachronic analysis that checks seven claims formulated in the Introduction. The first case concerns Sp. fijo, a learned word borrowed from Classical Latin which undergoes colloquialization (> de fijo, a la fija, por fijo, etc .). The second deals with Fr . vrai, which belongs to the genuine oral tradition. The paper confirms the systematic role of the PA -pattern in the diachrony of Romance.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2019

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  • Romanische Forschungen is one of the oldest German academic journals dedicated to the study of the Romance languages, their literatures, and cultures from all periods. Its editors and editorial board emphasize the interrelatedness of linguistics and literary studies and encourage the submission of articles and reviews with a focus on the Romance world as a whole. Romanische Forschungen publishes in all the major Romance languages, German and English.

    Die Romanischen Forschungen sind eine der ältesten deutschen Fachzeitschriften. Ihr Gegenstand sind die romanischen Sprachen, Literaturen und Kulturen von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Herausgeber und Beirat pflegen die Verbindung von Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft und bevorzugen Beiträge und Rezensionen mit einer gesamtromanischen Fragestellung. Die Publikationssprachen sind außer allen romanischen Sprachen das Deutsche und Englische.
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