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3D and 4D ultrasound in fetal cardiac scanning: a new look at the fetal heart

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Over the last decade we have been witness to a burgeoning literature on three‐dimensional (3D) and four‐dimensional (4D) ultrasound‐based studies of the fetal cardiovascular system. Recent advances in the technology of 3D/4D ultrasound systems allow almost real‐time 3D/4D fetal heart scans. It appears that 3D/4D ultrasound in fetal echocardiography may make a significant contribution to interdisciplinary management team consultation, health delivery systems, parental counseling, and professional training.

Our aim is to review the state of the art in 3D/4D fetal echocardiography through the literature and index cases of normal and anomalous fetal hearts. Copyright © 2007 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Keywords: 3D‐4D ultrasound; STIC; fetal echocardiography; inversion mode; power Doppler; tomographic ultrasound imaging

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 01 January 2007

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