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Synthesis and curing behavior of macrocycle‐terminated poly(aryl ether ketone)s

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BACKGROUND: The introduction of poly(ether ether ketone)‐based carbon‐fiber composites accelerated the application of poly(ether ether ketone)s in advanced composite materials. In order to improve the compatibility and processability with reinforced components, polymers with low melt viscosity are preferable.

RESULTS: Novel fully aromatic macrocycle‐terminated poly(aryl ether ketone)s (MCPAEKs) were prepared by condensation of macrocyclic aryl ether ketone dimers containing hydroxyphenyl groups and fluorine end‐capped poly(aryl ether ketone) oligomers. Compared with liner poly(aryl ether ketone)s, MCPAEKs showed much lower melt viscosities at low temperature. In the presence of caesium fluoride, the crosslinking reaction of MCPAEKs afforded fully aromatic thermoset poly(aryl ether ketone)s by ring‐opening reaction.

CONCLUSION: The MCPAEKs exhibited high thermal stability due to their wholly aromatic structures. After crosslinking, the glass transition temperatures and complex melt viscosities of the polymers were increased greatly. Although there was some residual cesium fluoride or phenoxides produced by ring‐opening reaction, the thermoset poly(aryl ether ketone)s obtained had good thermal stability with temperatures at 5% weight loss above 475 °C. Copyright © 2009 Society of Chemical Industry
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Keywords: crosslinking; macrocycle; poly(aryl ether ketone)s; ring opening

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2009

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