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Cobalt(II) and nickel(II) complexes bearing mono(imino)pyridyl and bis(imino)pyridyl ligands: preparation, structure and ethylene polymerization/oligomerization behaviors

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BACKGROUND: Ethylene oligomerization is the major industrial process to produce linear α‐olefins. Recently much work has been devoted to late transition metal catalysts used in this process, especially those with 2,6‐bis(imino)pyridyl dihalide ligands. Considering that most work has focused on simple modification to the substituents in imino‐aryl rings based on the symmetric bis(imino)pyridyl framework, here we expand this work to the asymmetric mono(imino)pyridyl ligands.

RESULTS: The preparation, structure and ethylene polymerization/oligomerization behavior of series of mono(imino) pyridyl–MCl2 and bis(imino)pyridyl–MX n complexes are presented. The systematic studies were focused on the relationship between the catalytic behavior of these complexes for ethylene polymerization/oligomerization and reaction conditions, ligand structures, metal centers and counter‐anions. The influence of the coordination environment on catalyst behavior is also discussed.

CONCLUSION: For mono(imino)pyridyl–Co(II) and —Ni(II) catalysts bearing the Cl counter‐anion, good activities ranging from 0.513 × 105 to 1.58 × 105 g polyethylene (mol metal)−1 h−1 atm−1 are afforded, and the most active catalysts are those with methyl in both ortho‐ and para‐positions of the imine N‐aryl ring. For bis(imino)pyridyl–Co(II) and —Ni(II) catalysts bearing the SO4 2− and NO3 counter‐anions, the low activities for ethylene oligomerization are in sharp contrast to those of their chloride analogues. Copyright © 2009 Society of Chemical Industry
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Keywords: Co(II), Ni(II) catalysts; bis(imino)pyridyl; counter‐anion; crystal structure; ethylene polymerization/oligomerization; mono(imino)pyridyl

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2009

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