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Heterocyclic polyimides containing siloxane groups in the main chain

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BACKGROUND: Among the polymers widely studied for applications in advanced techniques, aromatic polyimides have received considerable attention due to their outstanding thermal stability associated with good electrical and mechanical properties. However, these polymers are usually difficult to process, being insoluble and without a glass transition. To improve the processing characteristics of polyimides, modification of their structure is often achieved by the introduction of flexible linkages in the macromolecular chain or various substituents on the aromatic rings.

RESULTS: A series of polyimides and intermediate polyamidic acids were synthesized from aromatic oxadiazole‐diamines and a dianhydride containing a siloxane bridge (—R2Si—O—SiR2—). These polymers exhibit good solubility in certain organic solvents and can be cast into thin and very thin films from their solutions. They exhibit high thermal stability with decomposition being above 440 °C and relatively low glass transition temperatures in the range 160–190 °C. These polymers show strong photoluminescence in the blue spectral region.

CONCLUSION: The introduction of oxadiazole rings together with siloxane groups into the chains of aromatic polyimides gives highly thermostable polymers with remarkable solubility and film‐forming ability and that emit blue light, being attractive for applications in micro‐ and nanoelectronics and other related advanced fields. Copyright © 2009 Society of Chemical Industry
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Keywords: high thermostability; oxadiazole; photoluminescence; polyimides; siloxane

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2009

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