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Synthesis and characterization of poly (hydroxyether ketone) and its copolymers

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A novel semi‐crystalline polyhydroxyether, poly(hydroxyether ketone) (PHEK), was synthesized via the direct polycondensation between 4,4‐dihydroxybenzophenone and epichlorohydrin. By means of Fourier transform infrared and NMR spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography (GPC), the structure of PHEK was characterized. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and wide‐angle X‐ray diffraction (WAXRD) show that PHEK is a semi‐crystalline polymer with a high rate of crystallization. The polymer possesses a glass transition temperature of 109 °C and a melting temperature of 239 °C. When 4,4′‐isopropylidenediphenol was used as a second bisphenol and was added to copolymerize with a stoichiometric amount of epichlorohydin, a series of polyhydroxyether copolymers were obtained. The copolymers with various compositions were characterized by means of NMR, GPC, WAXRD and DSC. It was found that the crystallinity of the copolymers dramatically decreased with increasing content of 4,4′‐isopropylidenediphenol. The glass transition temperatures of the copolymers are intermediate between those of PHEK and the poly(hydroxyether of bisphenol A) and decreased with increasing content of 4,4′‐isopropylidenediphenol. Copyright © 2007 Society of Chemical Industry
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Keywords: poly(hydroxyether ketone); semi‐crystallinity; synthesis

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2007

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