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Fluorescence studies on the interaction between pyrene‐labelled poly(acrylic acid) and cyclodextrins

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The interactions, in aqueous media, between a pyrene‐labelled polyelectrolyte poly(acrylic acid) (PAAMePy) with two different degrees of labelling and β‐ and γ‐cyclodextrins (β‐ and γ‐CD) were studied using absorption and fluorescence (steady‐state and time‐resolved) techniques. In addition to qualitative and quantitative parameters obtained from absorption and steady‐state fluorescence spectra, time‐resolved fluorescence data are presented, allowing additional important observations regarding the nature of the interactions. From the overall data it was possible to conclude that in the case of interaction with γ‐CD the efficient encapsulation of two pyrene units into the cavity of the cyclodextrin molecule leads to a decrease in the number of available free monomers and an increase in the number of preformed ground‐state dimers (GSDs) of pyrene. It was also shown that contrary to the situation in water, where only intramolecular interactions are present, the addition of γ‐CD leads to new interpolymeric interactions. The absence of significant changes is noted when the interactions of PAAMePy polymers take place with β‐CD. The excimer‐to‐monomer fluorescence intensity ratio (I E/I M) was found to increase with the added amount of γ‐CD but not with β‐CD. This increase is justified on the basis of the increase of the GSD contribution. The photophysical behaviour was found to be dependent on the pH of the media, but with the absence of relevant interactions between CD and PAAMePy polymer at alkaline values. Copyright © 2007 Society of Chemical Industry
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Keywords: cyclodextrins; excimer; fluorescence; poly(acrylic acid); polymer photophysics; pyrene

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2007

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