Surface modification of calcium carbonates studied by inverse gas chromatography and the effect on mechanical properties of filled polypropylene
Inverse gas chromatography (IGC) has been used to characterize the surfaces of a pure calcitic calcium carbonate as well as samples that had been treated with sodium polyacrylate and/or stearic acid. The dispersive components of the surface free energy for the pure material agreed well with related literature data. Polar contributions to the surface interactions with a range of probes were determined. The results show that the surface treatments reduced the polarities of the surfaces and that modification with stearic acid produced a non‐polar, low‐energy surface. Some mechanical properties of the polypropylene composites containing the modified calcium carbonates were found to correlate well with the filler surface energies. Copyright © 2004 Society of Chemical Industry
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemistry, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath, BA2 7AY, UK 2: Imerys Minerals Ltd, John Keay House, St Austell, PL25 4DJ, UK
Publication date: April 1, 2004
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