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Sensitive enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay and rapid one‐step immunochromatographic strip for fumonisin B1 in grain‐based food and feed samples

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BACKGROUND: Maize contaminated with mycotoxin fumonisin B1 poses a global threat to agricultural production. In this study, polyclonal antibodies (pAb) specific to fumonisin B1 were generated from rabbits immunised with fumonisin B1–keyhole limpet haemocyanin (KLH). These antibodies were used to establish a sensitive competitive direct enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay (cdELISA) and gold nanoparticle immunochromatographic strip for detecting fumonisin B1 levels in maize‐based foods and feeds.

RESULTS: In cdELISA, fumonisins B1, B2 and B3 at concentrations of 0.42, 0.58 and 81.5 ng mL−1 respectively caused 50% inhibition (IC50) of binding of fumonisin B1–horseradish peroxidase (HRP) to the antibodies. Effective on‐site detection of fumonisin B1 was achieved by developing a rapid and sensitive pAb‐based gold nanoparticle immunochromatographic strip. This strip had a detection limit of 5 ng mL−1 for fumonisin B1 in maize‐based samples. Additionally, the whole analytical process could be completed within 10 min. Close examination of 15 maize‐based samples by cdELISA revealed that 11 were fumonisin‐positive, with a mean concentration of 435 ± 20.1 ng g−1. These results correlated well with those obtained by immunochromatographic strip.

CONCLUSION: Both cdELISA and immunochromatographic strip methods established in this study are sensitive for rapid detection of fumonisins in agricultural commodities. Copyright © 2010 Society of Chemical Industry
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Keywords: ELISA; fumonisin B1; gold nanoparticle; immunochromatographic strip

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 30, 2010

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