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Uptake of fluoride by tea plant (Camellia sinensis L) and the impact of aluminium

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Tea plant (Camellia sinensis L) accumulates large amounts of fluoride in mature leaves from soils of normal fluoride availabilities, but the properties of fluoride absorption by this plant species are not well understood. The present study examined the characteristic of fluoride uptake by tea plants and the impact of Al with solution and soil experiments. The results showed that the fluoride taken up by tea plants was largely and readily transported, in particular to the leaves. The fluoride in leaves increased linearly with fluoride concentrations in the uptake solution (R 2 = 0.75, P < 0.001) or in the soil (R 2 = 0.88, P < 0.001), whereas those in root and stem were only marginally influenced. Including Al in solution or adding Al to the soil apparently increased the uptake and translocation of fluoride to the leaves. The concentrations of fluoride in the leaves were significantly (P < 0.05) increased by 19.1% or 37.7% when 18.5 µmol l−1 Al or 74.1 µmol l−1 Al respectively was included in the uptake solution, compared with the control without Al during an uptake period of 22 h. Similarly, Al application (100 mg kg−1) to soil led to significantly higher fluoride concentrations in mature leaves and new shoots (one bud with three leaves). By contrast, the concentrations of Al in leaves in solution and soil experiments were not affected by fluoride and Al treatments. Nevertheless, higher Al concentrations after Al and fluoride additions were observed in the new shoots in soil experiments. Copyright © 2003 Society of Chemical Industry
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Keywords: Camellia sinensis; aluminium; fluoride; uptake

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Tea Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and Key Lab for Tea Chemistry of the Ministry of the Agriculture of China, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310008, People's Republic of China

Publication date: 01 October 2003

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