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Enzyme‐catalyzed regioselective synthesis of sugar esters and related compounds

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In this review, a comprehensive and illustrative survey is made of the regioselective synthesis of esters of sugars and related compounds using lipases. The main emphasis has been given to the screening and use of commercially available lipases for the enzymatic esterification of neutral monosaccharides, disaccharides, sugar alcohols and their selected ether and ester derivatives. The effect of solvents and solubilizing agents in improving the yields of the resultant sugar fatty acid esters has been incorporated. Further, solvent‐free esterification with molten fatty acids, use of ionic liquids and microwave radiations for improvement in the methodology have also been discussed. Copyright © 2006 Society of Chemical Industry
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Keywords: disaccharide; enzymatic; esterification; esters; fatty acids; ionic liquids; lipases; microwaves; monosaccharide; regioselective; sugars

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 01 June 2006

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