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Quality of life after pancreaticoduodenectomy for ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head

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Background:

This study examined quality of life (QoL) after classical partial pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPD) and pylorus‐preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD) in patients with adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head, and also evaluated the influence of extended lymphadenectomy (ELA).

Methods:

Between January 1993 and March 2004, QoL was analysed in a prospective single‐centre study that included 91 patients. Thirty‐four patients underwent PPD and 57 had a PPPD. Seventy patients had an ELA and 21 underwent regional lymphadenectomy (RLA). QoL was assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ‐C30 questionnaire and a pancreatic cancer‐specific module. Data were collected before operation and for 24 months after surgery.

Results:

The overall 5‐year survival rate was 18 per cent for all patients and 21 per cent in those who had an R0 resection. QoL was impaired for 3–6 months after surgery and then recovered to preoperative levels. There was no significant difference in long‐term survival after PPD versus PPPD and ELA versus RLA. Patients who had ELA reported clinically significant higher levels of diarrhoea and pain. PPPD showed a disadvantage in terms of pain.

Conclusion:

The surgical techniques of resection and reconstruction did not affect QoL, but extended lymphadenectomy was associated with an impairment in QoL. Copyright © 2006 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2006

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