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Human Rights in Development Experience in Africa: the Foreign Aid and Policy Nexus in OECD and China Aid

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This paper studies the nexus associated with human rights in development aid and the powerful confluences of bilateral aid flows, considered “global apartheid”, that are the reasons for the economic conditions in receiving countries. The reality of aid and the exigencies of instrumental economicism in aid has left recipients hostage to global wealth. We find considerable evidence that the Beijing Consensus architecture serves as a more effective alternative development framework for Africa in contrast to the dominant Washington Consensus model articulated by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which emphasizes markets and a minimal role for the state. From the criteria of performability, the implicit contrast in the case of China is delinking foreign policy from foreign aid which acknowledges the critical role of human rights and mutual benefit policy, as opposed to focus on geopolitical interests and strategic considerations correlate to colonial past. We conclude that Official Development Assistance (ODA) which remains the cornerstone of OECD DAC foreign policy has not helped to pull countless people in Africa out of poverty trap.

Keywords: aid; capabilities; culture; development; economicism; human rights; political sovereignty; poverty

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2012

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