Reconstructing Education and ‘Knowledge’ in the Twentieth and Twenty-first Century: Scientific Management, Educational Efficiency, Outcomes Based Education, and the Culture of Performativity
This article provides an analysis of the rise of ‘scientific management’ and ‘social efficiency’ theories in the early 1900s, traces their impact on the structure and administration of education systems, and critically analyses their contribution to the emergence of a new orthodoxy ‐ outcomes-based education (OBE) approaches to school curriculum and assessment reforms ‐ in selected twentieth and twenty-first century western public education systems. The article also demonstrates that the (re)emergence of outcomes-based education has won support from politicians, policymakers, and education administrators seeking to monitor and raise student achievement (by specifying performance targets and outcomes clearly) at the same time as exercising greater surveillance and tighter control over the professional work and lives of classroom teachers. The article concludes that the ‘scientific management’ and social efficiency theories of the past, and OBE more recently, have provided a convenient, hegemonic, and technicist rationale for implementing wide-ranging education reforms designed ostensibly to enhance not only educational achievement but also economic efficiency, productivity, and prosperity. Their joint legacy has resulted in a profound reconfiguration of what counts as ‘worthwhile knowledge’ in the twentieth and twenty-first century.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 January 2014
More about this publication?
- Education and Society provides a forum, where teachers and scholars throughout the world, are able to evaluate current issues and problems in education and society from a balanced and comparative social, cultural and economic perspective.
Education and Society, a fully refereed journal, is used by teachers, academics, research scholars, educational administrators and graduate students.
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites