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Open Access Psychological Risk Factors and Outcomes of Dance Injury: A Systematic Review

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Historically, dance medicine and science has focused on the physical aspects rather than the psychological aspects of dance injury. Psychological variables, however, have been shown to influence the occurrence of injury and post-injury outcomes. The purpose of this review was to examine the dance psychology literature and determine the specific psychological factors reported to be associated with the incidence, frequency, and outcome of dance injuries. A systematic literature search was conducted using SPORTDiscus, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO. All retrieved articles were screened based on criteria developed a priori, and selected articles were subsequently assessed for quality. Thirteen studies met the inclusion and quality assessment criteria. Psychological factors associated with both risk and outcome of dance injury included the following: stress, psychological distress, disordered eating, and coping. Factors associated only with risk of injury were sleep, personality, and social support. The results suggest that psychological variables can affect both the incidence and outcome of dance injury among dancers. Therefore, it is critical to gain a well-rounded, thorough understanding of all the factors, including psychological, that have a negative impact on dancers with respect to dance injury. The findings are discussed in terms of the utility of including psychological assessment and intervention, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, when implementing preventative and treatment measures in dance schools and companies.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Physical Education and Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Faculty of Physical Education and Health, University of Toronto, 55 Harbord Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 2W6;, Email: [email protected] 2: Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Publication date: September 1, 2017

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